Flowering plant Gomphrena is a representative of the Amaranth family. In nature, it can be found in the tropical zones of the southern and Northern hemispheres.
Delasin, who was a French botanist, in describing this culture, pointed out that gomphrena gave the name Pliny. Then it was introduced in Species Plantarum by Carl Linnaeus under this name.
In South America, the largest number of species of such plants. This genus includes about 100 species, some of which are cultivated by gardeners as houseplants.
Gomphrena Annual or Perennial?
Gomphrena is represented by herbaceous plants, which can be perennials and annuals. The stems are erect or ascending. Inflorescences capitate shape consist of flowers, painted in red, pink, blue, white, Magenta, purple or yellow, often color among them is uneven. The fruit is an undisclosed the achene, which contains smooth seeds flattened the shape.
A suitable substrate should consist of coarse-grained sand or vermiculite, as well as universal soil intended for vegetable seedlings. Well pour the substrate, in the end, it should become moist, but the soil should not be oversaturated with water. The soil mixture should fill the containers and better magazines. Then press down the soil mixture and pour it again, it must be done because the next irrigation will be carried out soon.
Cold sowing material should be removed from the jar, then the seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of the substrate, after which they are pressed to the soil mixture. Top capacity needs to cover with glass or film, then it must be a clean well-lighted place, the light should be bright and diffused, and the temperature in the room should be around 20-22 degrees.
The first seedlings should appear after 15-18 days. To speed up the germination of seeds, it is necessary to apply lower heating, in this case, the shoots will appear after three days.
Care of Gomphrena in The Garden
To grow gomphrena on your garden plot is relatively simple. This culture is characterized by unpretentiousness, so it is very easy to take care of gomphrena. Bushes need timely watering, weeding, fertilizing, loosening of the soil surface. The plants were beautiful and tidy, they will need little regular pruning. This flower is suitable for cutting, and it is noteworthy that the more often you will cut flowers, the thicker the Bush and more lush flowering.
How to Water and Feed
Watering bushes is necessary only during prolonged drought, and this procedure should be moderate. It should be remembered that such a culture is drought-resistant, so if you miss watering, then this will not be a big deal. However, the stagnation of water in the ground should not be allowed, since this can develop a fungal disease, especially if cool weather is established.
If it rains regularly in the summer, then such a flower cannot be watered at all, but in this case, experts recommend after the rain the next day, be sure to loosen the surface of the soil and pull out the weeds that have appeared.
Feed a flower should be very careful because the soil should not be too many nutrients. For example, if the soil will be a lot of nitrogen, because of this will begin an active growth of the green mass, which is an extremely negative impact on flowering, which may not occur at all.
Diseases and Pests of Gomphrena
Gomphrena can get sick only if there is a stagnation of liquid in the soil. The fact that this culture has a very high resistance to diseases and pests. In rare cases, it can settle aphids that move to the bushes with other plants. To get rid of aphids, you need to use insecticides, while all folk remedies, in this case, will be extremely low-effective.
The Types and Varieties of Gomphrena With Photos and Names
Above mentioned that the genus Gomfrena consists of a large number of species, but gardeners cultivated only 3 of them.
The height of the Bush is 15-40 centimeters. Entire short leaf plates are pubescent, which they have a bluish color. Spherical head inflorescences in diameter reach 40 mm, they can be painted in pink, lilac, purple, red, white or crimson. Flowering bushes in July, and bloom before the onset of the first frost. Popular variety:
- Bright Border. The height of the Bush is about 0.3 m, the flowers are painted in a variety of shades of pink, up to Carmine pink.
- Buddy. In this cartoneria bushes have a height of about 15 inches, while the flowers are painted in purple, white or pink.
More popular varieties such as Globosa, raspberry Berry, Fireworks, Pompom and a series of varieties of Pixie mix and Gnome.
This species is cultivated recently. It is similar to Gomphrena spherical, however, it blossoms more and has an orange and red color. It is distinguished by its heat-loving, and if the summer will be cold, the bushes may not bloom at all.
Very often this type is cultivated in suspended structures. Elongated leaf plates adorn the shoots, spreading throughout the site, resulting in a carpet.
The most popular variety Pink Pinheads: flowers are painted in a rich pink color, their color is preserved even after they dry up, in this regard, they are often used to make winter bouquets.