Homeland herbaceous perennial plant Fittonia is South America. This genus is considered a representative of The acanthus family and comprises about ten species. Bushes in this flower are not very high. On the surface of the creeping stems have pubescence. Single flowers have a yellow color (closer to the sulfur hue).
Brief description of cultivation
|Flowering||Fittonia flower are cultivated as ornamental foliage plants.|
|Illumination||Needs a lot of bright light, but it needs to be diffused.|
|Temperature regime||In summer ― about 24 degrees, and in winter ― about 20 degrees.|
|Irrigation||This flower is watered systematically and moderately. In the spring and summer it is done immediately after the top layer of the substrate in the pot dries. In the cold season it is recommended to do after the soil mixture dries to ¼ of the depth.|
|Air humidity||Needs to be increased. The Bush should be systematically moistened from the sprayer in the morning and evening. In order to maintain high humidity, you can pour wet pebbles into the tray, and next to the flower you can put an open vessel filled with water.|
|Fertilizer||In the spring and autumn feeding is carried out 1 time in 15 days, for this purpose mineral fertilizers are used for decorative-deciduous plants, while the dosage should be reduced by half from the recommended manufacturer. In winter, the number of feedings is reduced to one in 30 days.|
|Clipping||During the growing season, pinching the tops of the stems is carried out. And in the last days of March carry out pruning of the bared stalks, and do it in several stages.|
|Period of rest||It is not expressed clearly.|
|Transplantation||Bushes are transplanted regularly 1 time a year in spring (March–April) immediately after they are cut.|
|Soil mixture||Sand, peat, coniferous and turf soil (1:1:2:2).|
|Reproduction||Division of the Bush, layering and cuttings.|
|Pest||Thrips, scale insects, mealybugs and spider mites.|
|Diseases||Culture loses its decorative appearance due to improper care or because the plant is already old.|
When care in indoor conditions Fittonia Plant need to provide plenty of bright light. However, it is not suitable for sill South orientation. If you have to put the flower on the southern windowsill, then place it a little deeper into the room to protect the foliage from direct sunlight. Culture grows well on the window of Eastern or Western orientation. Bush can be put on the North window, but too little light foliage loses its decorative.
In the summer, the Bush should provide an air temperature of about 24 degrees, and in the winter months ― about 20 degrees. Remember that if in winter the room will be more relaxed, because of this Nerve Plant can affect the disease. Please protect it from drafts and sudden changes in air temperatures, as this can fly around all the leaves. In the warmer months, it, in any case, can not be transferred to the balcony or in the garden.
When growing fittonia, it should be remembered that the lump of land in the container should not dry out in any case, since because of this it resets the foliage. Also, make sure that the substrate does not stagnate liquid, as this leads to the appearance of rot on the root system.
As a rule, watering is carried out immediately after the top layer of the substrate dries. Moreover, in winter, the soil mixture should be moistened after a couple of days after its top layer dries. Water the Bush well-settled only with lukewarm water.
Room Fitton must be systematically moistened from the sprayer because due to the excessively low humidity it can get sick or pests will settle on it. Moisten the Bush should be at least one time a day, and it is better to do it twice: in the evening and the morning.
To increase the humidity, you can get next to the flower to put an open vessel with water or in a tray to pour moistened pebbles, and it is already put a flower pot. However, make sure that the bottom of the container does not come into contact with the liquid. It should also be noted that polishing the leaves can cause significant harm to the plant.
Culture grown at home, it is necessary to feed all year round. However, remember that if the substrate contains too many nutrients, it will adversely affect the condition of the Bush. In this regard, for feeding should take ½ of the dosage recommended on the manufacturer’s packaging. For this purpose, complex mineral fertilizers are used. In winter, food is carried out one time in 30 days, and in spring and autumn ― 1 time in 15 days.
How to prune fittonia
To improve the branching of the plant, it is necessary to carry out regular pinching of the tops of the stems. As the plant grows, its lower part is exposed, which affects its decorative effect. To rejuvenate the Bush, it is cut in the last days of March. However, at one time to cut all the leaves cannot be, as in this case, the development of young shoots can become slower. In this regard, cut the Bush in several stages.
Transplantation is carried out systematically one time a year in March or April. Transplanted Bush can simultaneously rejuvenate, as over the years it can lose its decorative effect. For planting choose a full and low capacity. At its bottom make a good drainage layer of small pieces of brick or expanded clay. On top of it covered with potting mix, to prepare which it is necessary to connect the peat, sand, sod and pine soil in the ratio 1:1:2:2.
Fittonia Propagation is by cuttings
If desired, you can multiply Nerve Plant every year during transplantation, while this process is combined with rejuvenation. To do this, cuttings are harvested with 3-5 leaf plates, and they are cut from the top of the Bush. For rooting to pass as quickly as possible, the length of the cuttings should not be more than 80 mm.
Further, the segments are planted for anchoring in the sand, while it is necessary to stick the cut end into it. On top of them covered with a jar, their roots will grow after about 30 days. Systematically moisturize, water and ventilate the cuttings.
For rooting, they can be placed in a container with water, while the liquid should be poured no more than 10 mm, and the Bank itself should be tied with a film. Twice or three times in 7 days the package should be removed for a while and moisten the leaves from the sprayer.
For good rooting, maintain high temperature (at least 26 degrees). After the powerful roots are formed, the plant is planted in the substrate, the composition of which is described above.
The division of the Bush
If desired, when transplanting the Bush can be divided into several parts, which are planted in individual pots. However, remember, that divide the hive must be very careful not to injure the root system. If you want your Bush was very lush, then put in one container a few Fitton.
Reproduction by layering
When grown at home, the culture can reproduce independently by layering. However, if you don’t want to wait for that to happen, then help the plant. To do this, part of the shoot, which has no leaves, bends to the surface of the substrate and is dug. After a time in this place will form the roots, then cut off the layering of the parent plant and transplanted into a separate container.
The birthplace of this flower is Peru, where it grows in tropical forests. The height of the Bush can reach a little more than 50 centimeters. On the surface of the purple-red stems have pubescence. The length of the elliptic leaf plates depending on the age is 10-16 centimeters, and the width is 4-10 centimeters. Green shiny leaf plates have red veins.
This is not a very high plant in nature can be found only in the tropical forests of Peru and Colombia. Pubescent stems almost creep on the surface of the soil, in this regard, they are quite easily propagated by layering. Dark green elliptic or ovoid leaf plates have veins of red color. Their length of 5-10 cm and a width of 4-6 inches.
Compact ornamental-deciduous plants, with age forming low stems. Have oblong – lanceolate, glossy, whole-edged leaves. Multiple branched leaf veins are highlighted in white or pink. The main tone of the leaf plates remains dark green.
Valuable ornamental deciduous plants with small size – often in height such fittonia does not exceed 10 cm. This herbaceous evergreen perennial has oblong – oval leaves with a very interesting color. Repeatedly branched leaf veins have a bright pink or red color, while the main tone of the leaf blade is light green or yellowish. At the edges of the leaf blades have a light green border.
One of the varieties of fittonia Versatility, oval or ovate, glossy, dark green leaves. The most common plants with leaf veins, painted in a silvery white hue, but sometimes you can find options with streaks of pink, yellow or green.
Fittonia verschaffeltii var. Pearcei
Miniature ornamental deciduous plants succulent, branching stems. The height of the bushes often does not exceed 15 cm. Leaf blades oval, dark green, glossy color of the leaves is variable – it can be a solid dark green or on the leaf blades white or pink tint will be highlighted branched veins. Sometimes on plants grown in indoor conditions, at any time of the year, will appear inflorescences – apical spikelets with white flowers.