This is popular in indoor horticulture, and the plant is Cryptanthus has a direct relationship to the family Bromeliaceae. This plant does not have a stem, and its elongated leaves are collected in a not very large spectacular outlet. That is why this plant is also called the Earth Star. In natural conditions, it can be found in Eastern Brazil.
It different from epiphytic representatives of its family in that it has well-developed roots, and needs fertile soil. It also has the smallest and most spectacular leaf sockets. For cultivation, you can use ordinary flower pots, as this flower is not capricious, even though it needs high humidity.
Such a plant in the room is recommended to be placed in a semi-closed or closed container of glass, for example, in a terrarium.
It is a light-loving plant that prefers bright lighting. However, it requires mandatory shading from the scorching midday sun in the summer. The plant feels fine in any light, but the more light, the brighter the picture. In the cold season, the flower also needs proper lighting. For illumination, it is recommended to use fluorescent lamps.
In summer, the air temperature should be between 22 and 24 degrees. In the cold season suitable lower temperature from 18 to 20 degrees. In growing Cryptanthus in the indoor environment is quite proper temperature is from 15 to 24 degrees. It is necessary to protect this plant from sharp fluctuations in temperature, as well as from cold drafts.
He needs frequent spraying, and experienced growers suggest placing Cryptanthus near the humidifier. During the heating season, when the apartment is low humidity is recommended to put plants in a terrarium.
How to water
Watering should be moderate enough, as the root system is quite small and can quickly start to rot. In summer, the ground should always be wet, but not soggy. Do not allow drying earthen coma. In autumn and winter watering should be slightly reduced, but the substrate should still be somewhat moist.
Fertilizing is produced during fast growth one time per month during the summer. To apply this speculate designed for bromeliads. In the cold season, feeding is not carried out.
How to transplant
Cryptanthus a transplant is almost not needed, only as necessary since the growth is prolonged. Flower pot chooses a low, but quite extensive. In that case, when the plant is an adult, it can begin to bloom, and at this time it may need additional space for the resulting processes-children.
The Ground Mix
The soil should be permeable to avoid stagnation of the liquid. Suitable earth mixture consists of moss sphagnum, hummus, and leaf land, pine bark and peat, taken in proportion 1:0,5:1:3:1. You can also buy a ground mix for bromeliads. The height of the drainage layer is equal to the third part of the pot.
Methods of reproduction
.After Cryptanthus Bud , he dies, but before that around it grows many kids. Transplant them into pots separately is recommended after a couple of months, by this time the young plants should have a root and produce 3 or 4 leaves. Carefully separating the lateral process together with the roots, it is transplanted into a separate pot.
After the transplant, young rasterizer requires warmth (26-28 degrees). They also need high humidity, and to provide it, and you need to make a cap from a transparent bag. Don’t forget every day to ventilate Cryptanthus, at the time of removing the lid. After the foliage begins to grow actively, the flower can be cared for as an adult plant.
This is the most popular species in growing at home. This herbaceous perennial plant has no stem, or it is concise. Pointed, narrow-lanceolate, leathery leaves have wavy edges. In length, they can grow up to 20 centimeters. On the edges of the leaves, there are small sharp teeth. Often on the green leaves are strips of a lighter shade. There are varieties with green and pink leaves. His flowers are white.
Leaves it’s not long (7-10 cm). Not very big leaf socket (diameter up to 15 centimeters) is quite dense. On the wavy edges of the leaves are small denticles. They are painted in pale green color, and on their surface, there are two longitudinal light strips. There are varieties in which the foliage has a pink-red color, and the pieces are light or green. White flowers are quite understandable. Perfect for a miniature garden in a glass vessel.
Unlike other species, it has a distinctive short trunk. Glossy leaves are painted in various shades from copper-red to green. Their edges are serrated and wavy. As a rule, in stores, you can buy a variety of Tricolor, on the leaves of which there are spectacular strips of white, green, and pink and red.
On the leathery leaves is a striking cross coloration. The leaves grow up to 20 centimeters in length. A large number of cross strips painted white or yellow, placed on a dark green or just green background. There are white flowers that are very small in size. Thanks to him, a large number of varieties, different not only the color of the leaves but also the transverse pattern.
It is similar to the cross-striped, but its leaves are somewhat longer and not as wide. Their width is 4 centimeters, and the length – from 30 to 40 centimeters. At the base, they are narrowed. Have finely-serrated, rough edges. On top of the leaves are painted in brown-reddish color and have zigzag stripes of a silvery hue. The lower part is densely covered with scales.