Garden bindweed is a representative of the genus Convolvulus of the family Bindweed. This genus includes about 250 species. Their characteristic feature is the shape of the flower. There was a scientific name of this kind from the Latin verb, in translation meaning “to curl”. The fact that most species need support, as they use other plants, twining shoots around them.
Features Of Bindweed
Bindweed has a variety of life forms. In natural conditions, you can meet bindweeds, which are both perennials and annuals. They are shrubs or herbaceous plants, erect or creeping shoots reach a length of 13 ft Creeping rhizome have threadlike roots.
The opening of flowers occurs in the early morning. They are placed in the sinuses of 1, 3 pieces or inflorescences. The shape of the Corolla is funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, with the blades expressed quite a bit. Fruit ― a box, inside which there are seeds, they remain viable for 2 or 3 years.
Growing A Bindweed From Seeds
Weed grass bindweed in the garden gives a lot of trouble. But the decorative forms of bindweed are a vine, characterized by rapid growth. Landscape designers often use such a plant, because it has foliage rich green color, flexible stems, as well as delicate and very beautiful flowers. Bindweed can decorate any vertically disposed surface.
For breeding, such a culture will only use the generative (seed) method. If it is necessary that the object was disguised as a vine very quickly, it is recommended to grow through seedlings. Sowing seeds for seedlings is made in March, but before that, for 24 hours, the seed material should be immersed in water.
Sow them in individual cups, which have holes for drainage, which will allow excess fluid to flow out. They should be filled with moist compost soil or substrate, which includes nutrient soil and peat (2:1). Spread the seeds should be sprinkled on top of a layer of loose soil, which is slightly rammed.
Sowing in the total capacity is not recommended since seedlings react extremely negatively to picking. Cups are removed in a cool place (from 18 to 20 degrees). Crops provide systematic watering. With proper care, the first seedlings should appear after about half a month.
Plants should be watered as the upper layer of the substrate dries. 2 times a month, seedlings should be fed with a solution of mineral fertilizer in a weak concentration.
Care Of Bindweed
The most important thing in the care of the bindweed is watering. It should be systematic and sufficient. For such a plant is harmful as stagnation of water in the soil, and its lack. If the water plant is not enough, then it will begin to reset buds.
However, if there is sultry or arid weather, the vine should be watered be sure especially if you cultivate a basket of Moorish appearance.
Basically, the care of such a plant is quite easy. Planted plants at first will need timely weeding, but after they get stronger, they will not be able to harm any weed. For a bindweed, as a rule, the support is necessary, thus to make its installation follows as soon as possible.
Need time to guide the stems of vines on the support. In that case, if the vine is overgrown, then if necessary, you can make a partial pruning, it does not hurt the plant.
As a rule, this culture is grown as an annual. But if you decide to keep the bindweed, it must be removed from the ground and put in a pot. The container with the plant is removed in a well-lit room in which the temperature in winter does not fall below zero degrees. In spring, the bindweed is again transplanted into the open ground.
However, it should be noted that this flower is perfectly propagated by self-seeding. Therefore, where it was grown last year, in the spring can appear friendly shoots, which will only need to thin out or plant.
How To Get Rid Of The Bindweed
The bindweed, which is a weed grass, rather strongly annoys gardeners. This perennial plant is distinguished by the fact that it is very hardy and tenacious. It around other plants, bindweed just “strangling” them.
In this regard, if your site has been seen such a field bindweed, the fight against it should begin as soon as possible. To do this, take a rake and try to extract all its roots from the soil. But if the soil will remain scraps of roots, the bindweed with rapid speed will begin to spread through your garden or garden.
If the whole area is filled with bindweed, then at the beginning of spring, it should be completely dug and use a rake to try to choose most of the roots. Then the surface of the site should be covered with a dark color material that should not pass light (black film or roofing material).
In the absence of light and oxygen, as well as with a strong increase in temperature, almost all the bindweeds should die. But in order to eradicate this weed completely, in the current season only white mustard should be planted on the treated area.
What Is Bindweed Images And Names
Species of garden bindweed a little. Below will be described those that are most popular.
Convolvulus sabatius = Moorish bundle
This ornamental plant is usually grown in hanging baskets or containers. The length of the stems is about half a meter, they are covered with delicate leaf plates of greenish-gray color. As a rule, the flowers in this species have a pale lilac color.
Bilberry convolvulus bicuspidatus = convolvulus fischerianus
It prefers to grow on sandy river banks, on dry mountain slopes, and in mountain steppes. The length of slightly climbing recumbent ascending shoots varies from 0,009 ft. the Leaf plates of the swept shape can be pubescent or bare, the length of their stalks from 0,09 – 1,13 ft. On long peduncles single flowers of pink color adorn.
Tricolor convolvulus = convolvulus minor
This herbaceous densely branched plant is annual, and its homeland is the Western Mediterranean. On the surface of the climbing creeping shoots have pubescence. Whole-edged sessile linear-lanceolate leaf plates are pointed, they are greenish, slightly rough or bare. Axillary flowers in diameter reach about 1,13 ft, funnel-shaped they have the correct, and pedicels are short.
The throat is yellow, the middle part has a white color, and the end of the Corolla is rich blue. This species has several forms with pink, purple, blue-purple, white or blue flowers. There are also several varieties:
- Crimson Monarch ― color crimson flowers;
- Royal Ensign ― length of stems about 1,47 ft, dark blue flowers have Golden throat;
- Blue Flash ― Bush height of about 0,82 ft, blue flowers.
- Star-shaped Bindweed, still called morning glory Mine Lobato, Spanish flag either or quamoclit blade is Liana, bindweed but it is not.